1471139794
Lords of the desert : Britain's struggle with America to dominate the Middle East / James Barr.
Barr, James, 1976-
2018
London : Simon & Schuster,
9781471139796 (hbk.) :
Map on lining papers.
Within a single generation, between 1945 and 1970, America replaced Britain as the dominant power in the Middle East. By any standard, it was an extraordinary role reversal and it was one that came with very little warning. Starting in the 19th century, Britain had first established themselves as protector of the sheikhdoms along the southern shore of the Persian Gulf, before acquiring Aden, Cyprus and then Egypt and the Sudan. In the Great War in the 20th century they then added Palestine, Jordan and Iraq by conquest. And finally Britain had jointly run Iran with the Soviets since 1941 to defeat Hitler. The discovery of vast oil reserves in Saudi Arabia, at a time when the United States' own domestic reserves seemed to be running low, made America's initial interest commercial. But trade required political stability.
xiv, 401 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (black and white), maps (black and white) ; 24 cm

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